When we say a man has low testosterone we mean there is not enough amount of the hormone that determines a man's look, feel and  other characteristics. Testosterone starts being available when a boy reaches puberty stage. Testosterone is produced in the testicles. 

Your testicles don't create enough testosterone if you have low testosterone . It could be brought on by a number of diseases or traumas, including those that impact your testicles, pituitary gland, or hypothalamus. With testosterone replacement therapy, it is curable.
In medical filed they called low testosterone in men by different names and these include: Testosterone deficiency Low-T or male hypogonadism. 10 to 35 ngmol/L is termed a normal range of testosterone level in males. 

What's the work of testosterone in men?

The sex hormone testosterone has vital functions in the body. It is believed to control a man's libido, bone mass, fat distribution, muscular mass and strength, as well as the creation of sperm and red blood cells.

What causes low levels of testosterone in men

A gradual decline in testosterone levels may start around the age of 30 to 40. This happens in the wild.

Low testosterone may also result from:
  • malignancy or a testicle damage.
  • issues with the brain's pituitary and hypothalamus glands, which regulate hormone synthesis.
  • a low thyroid activity.
  • obesity, or having too much bodily fat. Consult your doctor regarding the necessity for a free testosterone test.
  • other afflictions, ongoing illnesses,stress or infections.
  • adverse effects of medication, such as those from chemotherapy.
        Read also : 4 causes of weak erection 

What are signs of low testosterone?

Some low testosterone males show no symptoms at all. Maybe others have:
  • issues with sleep, such as insomnia
  • reduction in strength and muscle size
  • loss of bone
  • Low-quality sex drive
  • body fat percentage rising
  • Depression
  • difficulty concentrating
  • issues with getting an erection
  • Sperm count is low

testosterone function
Photo by Jose Phiri. Man with low mood which could be low T

Some symptoms could be an expected byproduct of aging. For instance, it is typical to lose interest in sex as you age. However, not being interested in sex is typically not normal.

In addition, other diseases like diabetes or high blood pressure may potentially be the source of certain symptoms. Consult your healthcare physician if any of these symptoms are troubling you.

What is the treatment of low testosterone?

To determine your testosterone level, your doctor will probably have you have a blood test. Additionally, other potential reasons of your symptoms will be examined. Side effects of medications, thyroid issues, or depression are a few of these.

Hormone replacement therapy could be helpful if you have low testosterone. Man-made testosterone is the medication. TRT, short for testosterone replacement therapy, is the name of this procedure. TRT may be administered orally, topically, intravenously, or implantably.

In some guys, TRT may reduce or improve symptoms. It might maintain the strength of bones and muscles. Young men with extremely low testosterone levels appear to respond to TRT more favorably. TRT can be beneficial for elderly guys as well. 

What are side effects of testosterone treatment with TRT.

TRT carries dangers. These may consist of:

  • issues with sleep
  • High cholesterol issues
  • Clots of blood
  • heart failure getting worse
  • Infertility not able to impregnate a woman
  • an enlarged prostate that makes urinating difficult
Whether TRT raises the risk of heart attack, stroke, or prostate cancer is unknown at this time.

Whether TRT is a good fit for you can be discussed with your provider. It is less likely that TRT treatment will be beneficial for you if you don't see any change in your symptoms following treatment for three months.

If you want to begin TRT, make sure to schedule routine checks with your practitioner.

How can men improve testosterone levels naturally?

  • Avoid gaining weight.
  • Do exercises regularly
  • Have enough and good quality sleep
  • Stop smoking
  • Avoid opioids based drugs
  • Reduce stress levels in your life
  • eat good recommended foods
  • Do not abuse alcohol

Which  foods contribute to low testosterone levels?

Numerous disorders have their roots in poor diet, which can also lead to an imbalance in male hormones.
Avoid these foods:
  • Red meat and other animal fat sources
  •  Too much of dairy products
  • Too much sugar 
  •  Processed foods 
  • Food dyes
  • Too much caffeine

The following foods improves testosterone levels in men:

  • Eggs
  • Garlic
  • Ginger
  • Beans
  • Avocado
  • Green leafy vegetables
  • Tuna
  • egg whites
  • Pomegranate
  • Spinach
  • Honey
  • Onions
  • Shellfish
  • fatty fish
  • Beef
  • Bananas
  • Pomegranate nectar
  • "Red meat"
  • Salmon
  • Cruciferous plants
  • a dairy item
  • Olive oil with milk


Low testosterone maybe due to medical issues but age as well determines its level in the body. Certain foods as well can contribute to low testosterone while other foods boost it.